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建筑声学设计常用专业术语解释

1、音质 acoustics[of room]

彩经网FANGJIANZHONGCHUANSHENGDEZHILIANG。FANGJIANYINZHIDEZHUYAOJUEDINGYINSUSHIHUNXIANG、FANSHESHENGXULIESHIKONGJIEGOUHEZAOSHENGJI。YINZHIPINGJIADUIYUYUYANZHUYAOSHIKAOYUYANKEDONGDU,DUIYUYINLEZEYOUYINLEDEXINSHANGJIAZHILAIJUEDING。

2、音质设计 acoustical design

ZAIJIANZHUSHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,CONGYINZHISHANGBAOZHENGJIANZHUWUFUHEYAOQIUSUOCAIQUDECUOSHI。

3、混响时间 T reverberation time

SHENGYINYIDADAOWENTAIHOUTINGZHISHENGYUAN,PINGJUNSHENGNENGMIDUZIYUANSHIZHISHUAIBIANDAOQIBAIWANFENZHIYI(60dB)SUOXUYAODESHIJIAN。

4 、合适混响时间 optimum reverberation time

ZAIYIDINGSHIYONGTIAOJIANXIA,TINGZHONGRENWEIYINZHIHESHIDEHUNXIANGSHIJIAN,TASHIGENJURENMENZHANGQISHIYONGJINGYANDECHUDE,BINGQIEJUYOUYIDINGDERONGXUFANWEI。

5、直达声 direct sound

ZISHENGYUANWEIJINGFANSHEZHIJIECHUANDAOJIESHOUDIANDESHENGYIN。

6、混响声 reverberant sound

FANGJIANNEIZAIWENTAISHISUOYOUYICIHEDUOCIFANSHESHENGXIANGJIADEJIEGUO。

7、早期反射声 early reflection

彩经网ZAIFANGJIANNEIKEYUZHIDASHENGGONGTONGCHANSHENGSUOXUYINZHIXIAOGUODEGEFANSHESHENG。YIBANSHIZHIYANCHI50msYINEIDEFANSHESHENG。

8、早期声场 early sound field

彩经网ZAIFANGJIANNEIYOUSHENGYUANDEZHIDASHENGHEZAOQIFANSHESHENGZUCHENGDESHENGCHANG。

9、初始时间间隙 initial time gap

DAODAJIESHOUDIANDEDIYIGEFANSHESHENGYUZHIDASHENGZHIJIANDESHICHA,YImsJI。

10、扩散声场 diffuse[sound]field

NENGLIANGMIDUJUNYUN,ZAIGEGECHUANBOFANGXIANGZUOWUGUIZEFENBUDESHENGCHANG。

11、相对[声]强感(强度因子)G    strength

TINGTANGNEIMOUYIZUOWEICHULAIZIWUTAISHANGYIGEWUZHIXIANGXINGSHENGQIANGDESHENGNENGYUTONG—SHENGYUANZAIXIAOSHENGSHIZHONG10mJULICHUCEDEDESHENGNENGZHIBI,YIdBJI。

12、回声 echo

DAXIAOHESHICHADOUDADAOZUYINENGHEZHIDASHENGQUBIEKAIDEFANSHESHENGHUOYOUYUQITAYUANYINFANHUIDESHENG。

13、颤动回声 flutter echo

TONGYIGEYUANSHIMAICHONGSHENGYINQIDEYILIANCHUANJINGENZHEDEFANSHEMAICHONGSHENG。

14、多重回声 multiple echo

TONGYISHENGYUANSUOFASHENGYINDEYICHUANKEFENBIANDEHUISHENG。

15、吸声材料 sound absorption material,absorbent

彩经网YOUYUDUOKONGXING、BOMOZUOYONGHUOGONGZHENZUOYONGERDUIRENSHESHENGNENGJUYOUXISHOUZUOYONGDECAILIAO。

16、吸声系数 a sound absorption coefficient

ZAIJIDINGPINLVHETIAOJIANXIA,BEIFENJIEMIAN(BIAOMIAN)HUOMEIZHIXISHOUDESHENGGONGLV,JIASHANGJINGGUOFENJIEMIAN(QIANGHUOJIANBIDENG)TOUSHEDESHENGGONGLVSUODEDEZONGHE,YURENSHESHENGGONGLVZHIBI.—BANQICELIANGTIAOJIANHEPINLVYINGJIAYISHUOMING。

17、平均吸声系数 α   average sound absorption coefficient

1.FANGJIANGEJIEMIANDEXISHENGXISHUDEJIAQUANPINGJUNZHI,QUANZHONGWEIGEJIEMIANDEMIANJI。

彩经网2.YIZHONGXISHENGCAILIAODUIBUTONGPINLVDEXISHENGXISHUDESUANSHUPINGJUNZHI。SUOKAOLVDEPINLVYINGYUYISHUOMING。

18、吸声量 A equivalent absorption area

YUMOUWUTIHUOBIAOMIANXISHOUBENLINGXIANGTONGERXISHENGXISHUDENGYU1DEMIANJI。YIGEBIAOMIANDEXISHENGLIANGDENGYUTADEMIANJICHENGYIQIXISHENGXISHU。YIGEWUTIFANGZAISHINEIMOUCHU,XISHENGLIANGDENGYUFANGRENGAIWUTIHOUSHINEIZONGXISHENGLIANGDEZENGLIANG,YIm2 JI。

19、倍频程 octave

LIANGGEJIPINXIANGBIWEI2DESHENGHUOQITAXINHAOJIANDEPINCHENG。

20 倍频带声压级 octave band sound pressure level

彩经网PINDAIKUANDUWEI1BEIPINCHENGDESHENGYAJI,JIZHUNSHENGYAWEI20MPa。

21、噪声级 L noise level

彩经网ZAOSHENGDEJI。QIZHONGLEIBIXUJIADINGYUHUOSHANGXIAWENSHUOMING。ZAIKONGQIZHONGJISHENGJI。JIQUANYINGZHIMING,FOUZEZHIASHENGJI。

22、噪声评价曲线NR    noise rating curve

DUIZAOSHENGDEYUNXUZHIANBUTONGBEIPINDAISHENGYAJIJINXINGPINGJIADEYICUQUXIAN, MEIYIQUXIANYOUQIZAI1000HzDEBEIPINDAISHENGYAJISHUZUOWEIPINGJIAZHI,YOUCHENGNRZHI。JINXINGPINGJIASHI,QUGEBEIPINDAIZHONGDADAOZUIGAOXIANZHIQUXIANDENRCHIZHIWEIZHUN。

23、环境噪声 ambient noise

彩经网ZAIMOUYIHUANJINGXIAZONGDEZAOSHENG。CHANGSHIYOUDUOGEBUTONGWEIZHIDESHENGYUANCHANSHENG。

24、声控室 sound control room

KONGZHIKUOSHENGXITONGDECAOZUOYONGFANG。

25、同声传译室 booth for simultaneous interpretation

JINXINGTONGBUYUYANFANYIBINGCHUANSONGZHIGUANZHONGTINGDEYONGFANG。

26、大幕 proscenium curtain

FENGEWUTAIYUGUANZHONGTINGDERUANMU,QIKAIQIFANGSHIKEYIYOUDUOZHONG。

27、舞台 stage

JUCHANGYANCHUBUFENZONGCHENG,BAOKUOZHUTAI、CETAI、HOUWUTAI、LECHI、TAICHUN、ERTAI、TAIKOU、TAICANG、TAITA。

28、主台 main stage

TAIKOUXIANYINEIDEZHUYAOBIAOYANKONGJIAN。

29、侧台 side stage

彩经网SHEZAIZHUTAILIANGCE,WEIQIEHUANBUJING、YANYUANHOUCHANG、LINSHICUNFANGDAOJUJINGPIANJICHETAIDEFUZHUQUYU。

30、乐池 orchestra pit

WEIGEJU、WUJUBIAOYANPEILEDELEDUISHIYONGDEKONGJIAN,YIBANSHEZAITAICHUNDEQIANMIANHEXIAMIAN。

31、楼座 balcony

彩经网GUANZHONGTINGCHIZUOSHANGDELOUCENGGUANZHONGXI,YOUCHENGTIAOTAI。

32、包厢 box(in the auditorium)

彩经网YANGUANZHONGTINGCEQIANGHUOHOUQIANGGECHENGXIAOJIANDEGUANZHONGXI。

本文摘自建筑声学设计规范

发布时间:2018-12-25 08:15:50   编辑:北京万歌恒宇